The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution
Reknowned historian Roger Chartier, one of the most brilliant and productive of the younger generation of French writers and scholars now at work refashioning the Annales tradition, attempts in this book to analyze the causes of the French revolution not simply by investigating its “cultural origins” but by pinpointing the conditions that “made is possible because conceivable.” Chartier has set himself two important tasks. First, while acknowledging the seminal contribution of Daniel Mornet’s Les origens intellectuelles de la Révolution française (1935), he synthesizes the half-century of scholarship that has created a sociology of culture for Revolutionary France, from education reform through widely circulated printed literature to popular expectations of government and society. Chartier goes beyond Mornet’s work, not be revising that classic text but by raising questions that would not have occurred to its author. Chartier’s second contribution is to reexamine the conventional wisdom that there is a necessary link between the profound cultural transformation of the eighteenth century (generally characterized as the Enlightenment) and the abrupt Revolutionary rupture of 1789. The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution is a major work by one of the leading scholars in the field and is likely to set the intellectual agenda for future work on the subject.
L espace public
Le principe de Publicité est le principe de contrôle que le public bourgeois a opposé au pouvoir pour mettre un terme à la pratique du secret propre à l'Etat absolu. Créateur d'une véritable sphère publique, ce principe circonscrit, à partir du XVIIIe siècle, un nouvel espace politique où tente de s'effectuer une médiation entre la société et l'Etat, sous la forme d'une " opinion publique " qui vise à transformer la nature de la domination. A L'aide d'un ensemble institutionnel déterminé, qui permet le développement de discussions publiques ayant pour objet des questions d'intérêt général, s'il s'agit de soumettre l'autorité politique au tribunal d'une critique rationnelle. Le modèle libéral de la sphère publique, outre qu'il repose sur la répression de l'opinion publique plébéienne, se révèle inadéquat pour rendre compte de l'espace politique, des démocraties de masse, régies par un Etat social. Au terme d'un processus complexe d'interpénétration des domaines privé et public, on assiste à une manipulation de la Publicité par des groupes d'intérêts et à une reféodalisation de la sphère publique. Au sein de l'état social la sphère publique, politique est caractérisée par un singulier désamorçage de ses fonctions critiques. La Publicité d'aujourd'hui se contente d'accumuler les comportements réponses dictés par un assentiment passif. Au départ, principe de la critique, la Publicité a été subvertie en principe d'intégration. A l'ère de la Publicité, manipulée, ce n'est plus l'opinion publique qui est motrice, mais un consensus fabriqué prêt à l'acclamation. En 1990 J. Habermas propose une triple révision : remise en question du concept de totalité, appréciation modifiée de la capacité critique du public, nouvelle interrogation quant à la possibilité d'un espace public. Une conception discursive de la démocratie le conduit à envisager un dédoublement de l'espace public tel que le pouvoir communicationnel puisse influencer le pouvoir administratif et s'opposer à la manipulation par les médias.
L thique dans la soci t de l information
Patrick J. Brunet A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de L thique dans la soci t de l information Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
The Culture of Clothing
Newly avilable in paperback, this major contribution to cultural history is a study of dress in France in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Daniel Roche discusses general approaches to the history of dress, locates the subject within current French historiography and uses a large sample of inventories to explore the differences between the various social classes in the amount they spent and the kind of clothes they wore. His essential argument is that there was a 'vestimentary revolution' in the later eighteenth century as all sections of the population became caught up in the world of fashion and fast-moving consumption.
Democracy in Modern France
With its unique blend of political history and political theory, this book is a welcome addition to the series on Politics, Culture and Society in the New Europe. Nick Hewlett begins his fascinating study with a discussion of the various ways in which the concept of democracy has been interpreted. He continues by tracing the effect of France's revolutionary tradition on the theory and practice of democracy since the Enlightenment, looking in particular at both republican democracy and direct democracy. Hewlett examines the implications for democracy of profound social and political conflict in France and offers an unusual critique of the institutions and structures of formal politics, suggesting that their relationship with democracy is more tenuous than is often assumed. The political philosophy of `new liberals' such as Luc Ferry and Marcel Gauchet is also discussed in detail. Thought-provoking, original and closely-argued, this book explores some key aspects of politics in France whilst making a strong case for greater direct participation of ordinary people in politics. Nick Hewlett is Professor of French Studies and Director of the Centre for European Research at Oxford Brookes University. He is author of Modern French Politics. Conflict and Consensus since 1945 (1998), co-author of Contemporary France (with Jill Forbes and François Nectoux, 1994 and 2001), and co-editor of Currents in Contemporary French intellectual Life (with Christopher Flood, 2000) and Unity and Diversity in the New Europe (with Barrie Axford and Daniela Berghahn, 2000).
Engaging Children and Youth in Africa
Representing research from east, central, west, and southern Africa, Engaging Children and Youth in Africa provides a well-balanced analysis of on-the-ground data with methodological and phenomenological issues that abound in much of research in Africa today. With an introduction that charts out some of the most critical approaches in African-centred research on children and youth, contributors to this volume give the reader a glimpse of the product of engaged research that places children and youth at the centre of analysis. The authors follow recent studies that have insisted on seeing African childhood and youth beyond constraining Western notions of vulnerability or innocence, to capture the ways in which recent advances in technology, the intensification of global processes, and continued weakening of the nation-state have not only contributed to new ways of being children and youth but how they have also provided a new lens through which to study social change.
The Rise of the Public in Enlightenment Europe
In the New Approaches to European History series, this title provides an inter-disciplinary study of the rise of 'the public' in eighteenth-century Europe. James Melton's lucid and accessible account will be of interest to students of social and political history, literary studies, political theory, and the history of women.
Gouvernance Au 21e Si cle
Eight papers call for an examination of the governance of organizations, whether one probes the crises in the experience of large corporations, in education, in health care, in science and technology systems, or in military affairs.
Passion Politics and Philosophie
This in-depth examination of Brissot's intellectual evolution illuminates his unique ideological chemistry. While in many ways a child of the Enlightenment, this Revolutionary activist moved beyond his times in his devotion to an egalitarian vision. Loft traces that development, giving Brissot his well-deserved place in French and world history.
Security Territory Population
This book derives from Foucault's lectures at the College de France between January and April 1978, which can be seen as a radical turning point in his thought. Focusing on 'bio-power', he studies the foundations of this new technology of power over population and explores the technologies of security and the history of 'governmentality'.