Que l'autorité souveraine soit unique, et supérieure à tous les individus de la société et à toutes les entreprises injustes des intérêts particuliers... Que la nation soit instruite des lois générales de l'ordre naturel qui constituent le gouvernement évidemment le plus parfait... Que le souverain et la nation ne perdent jamais de vue que la terre est l'unique source des richesses et que c'est l'agriculture qui les multiplie... Que la propriété des biens fonds et des richesses mobilières soit assurée à ceux qui en sont les possesseurs légitimes ; car la sûreté de la propriété est le fondement essentiel de l'ordre économique de la société...
A History of Portuguese Economic Thought
A History of Portuguese Economic Thought offers the first account in English of the development of economic thought in Portugal. The authors adopt a comparative approach to analyse how economic doctrine, theories and policies have been disseminated and assimilated by Portuguese economists in different periods. They assess the influence on Portuguese economic thought of major economists such as Adam Smith, Keynes and Hayek.
Handbook on the History of Economic Analysis Volume I
Volume I contains original biographical profiles of many of the most important and influential economists from the seventeenth century to the present day. These inform the reader about their lives, works and impact on the further development of the discipline. The emphasis is on their lasting contributions to our understanding of the complex system known as the economy. The entries also shed light on the means and ways in which the functioning of this system can be improved and its dysfunction reduced.
The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy
. . . there are many first-rate contributions here. Those contributions make this collection valuable especially to readers who are already knowledgeable about the various areas in which the interests of philosophers and economists overlap. Daniel M. Hausman, Journal of Economic Methodology The Elgar Companion To Economics and Philosophy is a very good read. Every library should buy it now. John King, History of Economics Review The volume collects articles surveying developments in such related fields as economic methodology, ethics, epistemology, and social ontology. Many of the articles are forward-looking, and as such constitute substantive and original (and at times provocative) contributions to the literature. The volume as a whole is a success; the editors are to be congratulated for their efforts. Bruce J. Caldwell, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, US This Companion is called economics and philosophy but actually it is about the philosophy of economics and all the great questions in the subject are here. The weather in the philosophy of economics has been stormy lately and the climate continues to this day to be unsettled. Will the storms soon settle down to give way to calmer days? Read this excellent collection of informative papers in the field to stimulate your own answer to that question. Mark Blaug, University of London and University of Buckingham, UK The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy aims to demonstrate exactly how these two important areas have always been linked, and to illustrate the key areas of overlap. The Companion is divided into distinct parts, each of which highlights a leading area of scholarly concern: political economy conceived as social philosophy; the methodology and epistemology of economics; and social ontology and the ontology of economics. The contributors are well-known and distinguished authors from a variety of disciplines, who have been invited both to survey and to provide a personal assessment of current and prospective future states of their respective areas of philosophical interest. Academics and students who have an interest in economics and philosophy, political philosophy and the history of ideas will find this book of great appeal, as will researchers working in the field and readers interested in the nature of the discipline of economics.
Joseph A Schumpeter Historian of Economics
Joseph A. Schumpeter was one of the great economists of the twentieth century. His History of Economic Analsyis is perhaps the greatest contribution to the history of economics, providing a magisterial account of the development of the subject from Ancient Greece to the mid-twentieth century. Schumpeter's views on his predecessors have proved to be a constant source of controversy. Here individual chapters examine such disparate questions as Schumpeter's apparent disregard for the American Institutionalists, his grudging respect for Adam Smith, the perspicacity of his views of Quesnay and his preference for Walras over Pareto. Four chapters are devoted to the early Medieval schools, neglected in all of his writings. Schumpeter's magnum opus is related to the rest of his economic output, especially his views on money and on methodology. With contributions by leading historians of economics from six countries, this volume analyses Schumpeter's contribution to the history of economics, considers its lasting significance, and uses it as a benchmark to assess the current state of the field.
After the Soviet Empire
The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key event of the twentieth century. The 39th IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 focused on causes and consequences of this event and on shifts in the world order that followed in its wake. This volume is an effort to chart these developments in empirical and conceptual terms.
Surveying the American fascination with the Far East since the mid-eighteenth century, this book explains why the Orient had a fundamentally different meaning in the United States than in Europe or Great Britain. David Weir argues that unlike their European counterparts, Americans did not treat the East simply as a site of imperialist adventure; on the contrary, colonial subjugation was an experience that early Americans shared with the peoples of China and India. In eighteenth-century America, the East was, paradoxically, a means of reinforcing the enlightenment values of the West: Franklin, Jefferson, and other American writers found in Confucius a complement to their own political and philosophical beliefs. In the nineteenth century, with the shift from an agrarian to an industrial economy, the Hindu Orient emerged as a mystical alternative to American reality. During this period, Emerson, Thoreau, and other Transcendentalists viewed the "Oriental" not as an exotic other but as an image of what Americans could be, if stripped of all the commercialism and materialism that set them apart from their ideal. A similar sense of Oriental otherness informed the aesthetic discoveries of the early twentieth century, as Pound, Eliot, and other poets found in Chinese and Japanese literature an artistic purity and intensity absent from Western tradition. For all of these figures the Orient became a complex fantasy that allowed them to overcome something objectionable, either in themselves or in the culture of which they were a part, in order to attain some freer, more genuine form of philosophical, religious, or artistic expression.
Economic Growth and Development
This textbook covers the full range of topics and issues normally included in a course on economic growth and development. Both mainstream economic perspectives as well as the multi-paradigmatic, inter-disciplinary, and dynamic-evolutionary perspectives from heterodox economics are detailed. Economic development is viewed in terms of the long-run well-being of humanity, social stability, environmental sustainability, and just distribution of economic gains, not simply as the growth of GDP. Furthermore, this textbook explicitly recognizes the complexity of economic development by linking economic activity to our broader social and natural environments. The textbook's unique feature is its focus on the natural environment. Both the historical effects of economic development on the environment and the environmental constraints on future economic development are thoroughly discussed in two chapters on environmental issues and policies. In fact, because economic development is defined in terms of economic, social, and environmental sustainability, the natural environment is included in discussions throughout the book. The textbook is inter-disciplinary: knowledge from fields such as sociology, psychology, political science, economic history, and ecology is called on to enhance the economic analysis. A thorough historical account of the development of the principal paradigms of economic development is also included, and the important issues of institutional development and cultural change merit their own chapters. Two chapters on technological change holistically focus on production technologies as well as the dynamic performance of entire economic, social, and ecological systems. Also, the important relationship between economic development and globalization is presented in three chapters on international trade, international finance and investment, and immigration from both orthodox and heterodox perspectives. The Instructor's manual is available upon request for all instructors who adopt this book as a course text. Please send your request to email@example.com. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: The Complexity of Economic Development (301 KB) Chapter 4: The Evolution of Growth Models: From Smith to Harrod-Domar (226 KB) Chapter 9: Population Growth (207 KB) Chapter 17: The Distribution of Income and Wealth (397 KB) Request Inspection Copy
La l gitimation du discours conomique
Le terme " légitimation " renvoie au droit et à la politique. Or qui fonde le droit ? La coutume ou la loi. Et l'une et l'autre, au moins dans une démocratie, sont acceptées par la collectivité. Au-delà de la coutume et de la loi, la jurisprudence, les conventions, les grands principes du droit renvoient également à un héritage collectif. En l'absence de démocratie, le fondement de la légitimité est... l'oubli. Aussi l'analyse de la légitimation exige-t-elle celle de l'origine, des procédures, du contenu et du fonctionnement du pouvoir. L'analyse sociologique des rapports de force dans la communauté des économistes n'est pas ici exclusive ni essentielle, contrairement à celle du contenu de l'économie. L'expression " discours économique " et non " science économique " a été choisie pour élargir la réflexion aux utilisateurs du discours économique savant, experts, médias ou hommes politiques. La légitimation de la science ne pose pas d'autres problèmes que ceux, immenses mais classiques, de l'épistémologie. La légitimation du discours ouvre le champ de la réflexion à l'histoire complexe des rapports de la science économique, de la politique et de la communication entre chercheurs d'abord, au-delà du champ scientifique ensuite. L'origine, les procédures de production et de légitimation des concepts, le contenu du discours sont alors omniprésents. Dans cette livraison, Sciences de la Société a mis en perspective des contributions portant sur la rhétorique de l'économie, l'histoire des faits et des idées et l'épistémologie.