Taxing Soda for Public Health

Titre : Taxing Soda for Public Health
Auteur : Yann Le Bodo
Éditeur : Springer
ISBN-13 : 9783319336480
Libération : 2016-08-17

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This timely reference analyzes the rationale, impact, and feasibility of taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) as a public health measure to contribute curbing obesity and diabetes rates, specifically in Canada. It presents the pros and cons of taxing soda, with the latest data on adverse health effects of its consumption, plus the various business and political issues surrounding the contentious proposition. Reviewed research is multidisciplinary, spanning health and medicine to ethics, economics, and law. Conclusions and caveats are clear and presented at a comfort level for the general reader. The result is a blueprint for analyzing the relevancy of taxes on sweetened soft drinks or other low-nutrition food products, plus a trove of valuable insights into aspects of government decision-making and consumer food behavior. Included in the coverage: · Reasons for specifically targeting SSBs · SSB taxation as a public health policy instrument · Effects of SSB taxation on energy intakes and population health · Potential undesirable effects relating to SSB taxation · Social and political acceptability of SSB taxation · Evaluability of SSB taxation Taxing Soda for Public Health will interest policymakers, public health professionals, advocacy groups, and researchers at the Canadian and international levels (e.g., in areas such as public health, nutrition, food and health policies, health economics, and evaluation), as well as students and all other parties interested in nutrition policies.

Taxing Soda for Public Health

Titre : Taxing Soda for Public Health
Auteur : Yann Le Bodo
Éditeur : Springer
ISBN-13 : 3319336479
Libération : 2016-09-18

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This timely reference analyzes the rationale, impact, and feasibility of taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) as a public health measure to contribute curbing obesity and diabetes rates, specifically in Canada. It presents the pros and cons of taxing soda, with the latest data on adverse health effects of its consumption, plus the various business and political issues surrounding the contentious proposition. Reviewed research is multidisciplinary, spanning health and medicine to ethics, economics, and law. Conclusions and caveats are clear and presented at a comfort level for the general reader. The result is a blueprint for analyzing the relevancy of taxes on sweetened soft drinks or other low-nutrition food products, plus a trove of valuable insights into aspects of government decision-making and consumer food behavior. Included in the coverage: · Reasons for specifically targeting SSBs · SSB taxation as a public health policy instrument · Effects of SSB taxation on energy intakes and population health · Potential undesirable effects relating to SSB taxation · Social and political acceptability of SSB taxation · Evaluability of SSB taxation Taxing Soda for Public Health will interest policymakers, public health professionals, advocacy groups, and researchers at the Canadian and international levels (e.g., in areas such as public health, nutrition, food and health policies, health economics, and evaluation), as well as students and all other parties interested in nutrition policies.

Soda Politics

Titre : Soda Politics
Auteur : Dr. Marion Nestle
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780190263447
Libération : 2015-09-07

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Sodas are astonishing products. Little more than flavored sugar-water, these drinks cost practically nothing to produce or buy, yet have turned their makers--principally Coca-Cola and PepsiCo--into a multibillion-dollar industry with global recognition, distribution, and political power. Billed as "refreshing," "tasty," "crisp," and "the real thing," sodas also happen to be so well established to contribute to poor dental hygiene, higher calorie intake, obesity, and type-2 diabetes that the first line of defense against any of these conditions is to simply stop drinking them. Habitually drinking large volumes of soda not only harms individual health, but also burdens societies with runaway healthcare costs. So how did products containing absurdly inexpensive ingredients become multibillion dollar industries and international brand icons, while also having a devastating impact on public health? In Soda Politics, the 2016 James Beard Award for Writing & Literature Winner, Dr. Marion Nestle answers this question by detailing all of the ways that the soft drink industry works overtime to make drinking soda as common and accepted as drinking water, for adults and children. Dr. Nestle, a renowned food and nutrition policy expert and public health advocate, shows how sodas are principally miracles of advertising; Coca-Cola and PepsiCo spend billions of dollars each year to promote their sale to children, minorities, and low-income populations, in developing as well as industrialized nations. And once they have stimulated that demand, they leave no stone unturned to protect profits. That includes lobbying to prevent any measures that would discourage soda sales, strategically donating money to health organizations and researchers who can make the science about sodas appear confusing, and engaging in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities to create goodwill and silence critics. Soda Politics follows the money trail wherever it leads, revealing how hard Big Soda works to sell as much of their products as possible to an increasingly obese world. But Soda Politics does more than just diagnose a problem--it encourages readers to help find solutions. From Berkeley to Mexico City and beyond, advocates are successfully countering the relentless marketing, promotion, and political protection of sugary drinks. And their actions are having an impact - for all of the hardball and softball tactics the soft drink industry employs to maintain the status quo, soda consumption has been flat or falling for years. Health advocacy campaigns are now the single greatest threat to soda companies' profits. Soda Politics provides readers with the tools they need to keep up pressure on Big Soda in order to build healthier and more sustainable food systems.

Food Law for Public Health

Titre : Food Law for Public Health
Auteur : Jennifer L. Pomeranz
Éditeur : Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN-13 : 9780190227258
Libération : 2015-11-17

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Food and its many aspects -- production, consumption, marketing, labeling, procurement, safety -- have become a mainstay of both popular discourse and the practice of public health. As topics such as GMO labeling, food-borne illness outbreaks, soda bans, and food taxes have come to the forefront of the public and academic conscious, understanding the legal underpinnings of these issues is vital. Food Law for Public Health is the first book on food law written specifically for a public health audience without a legal background. It offers comprehensive coverage of every aspect of food law: · Established and newer food law issues in the United States · Overview of US law, plus federal, state, and local governments' authorities and limitations to address food for public health · Controversial topics related to food marketing, food labeling, and the various regulatory concerns over food safety · Federal nutrition programs and guidelines · Litigation among the food industry, consumers, and the government Food Law for Public Health offers necessary grounding in food law for audiences in public health, nutrition, food studies, policy, or anyone with a professional interest in this increasingly important area. With clear writing and thought-provoking questions and exercises for classroom discussion, it is an ideal tool for learning and teaching.

Strategic Thinking in a Hospital Setting

Titre : Strategic Thinking in a Hospital Setting
Auteur : A. L. Hamdan
Éditeur : Springer
ISBN-13 : 9783319535975
Libération : 2017-04-21

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Translating the realities of healthcare reform and healthcare costs into competitive hospital practice is the goal of this accessible, jargon-free guide. Taking its cue from Michael Porter’s highly-regarded business strategies, it offers a sound framework for hospitals looking to develop efficient, patient-centered service delivery, identifying keys to clinical, administrative, and marketing success. The book organizes business and clinical priorities where they intersect so that physicians throughout healthcare systems can understand their role in building and sustaining innovation, and leverage their strengths and system resources toward meeting patient needs. In addition, chapters review eight core strategic tools, describe possibilities for their implementation, and provide in-depth findings on Porter’s methods as used in a diverse group of hospitals across Lebanon. Included in the coverage: · Porter’s strategies in health care: cost leadership versus differentiation strategy · Sources of competitive advantage · How to prepare an organization for innovation · Strategic framework in a hospital setting · Application of Porter’s strategies in Lebanese hospitals · Correlation between type of strategy and performance A well-designed blueprint for enhancing patient satisfaction and system cost-effectiveness, Strategic Thinking in a Hospital Setting is aimed at both frontline physicians in practice and those assuming administrative positions in healthcare facilities and in hospital settings in particular.

Closing the Food Gap

Titre : Closing the Food Gap
Auteur : Mark Winne
Éditeur : Beacon Press
ISBN-13 : 0807047309
Libération : 2008-01

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A study of the food crisis in America looks at the dietary split between the affluent and the poor, examines how Americans of all classes get their food, assesses current policies designed to alleviate the food gap, and calls for the establishment of realistic partnerships between family farms and impoverished communities to address the problem.

Food Politics

Titre : Food Politics
Auteur : Marion Nestle
Éditeur : Univ of California Press
ISBN-13 : 9780520955066
Libération : 2013-05-14

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We all witness, in advertising and on supermarket shelves, the fierce competition for our food dollars. In this engrossing exposé, Marion Nestle goes behind the scenes to reveal how the competition really works and how it affects our health. The abundance of food in the United States--enough calories to meet the needs of every man, woman, and child twice over--has a downside. Our over-efficient food industry must do everything possible to persuade people to eat more--more food, more often, and in larger portions--no matter what it does to waistlines or well-being. Like manufacturing cigarettes or building weapons, making food is big business. Food companies in 2000 generated nearly $900 billion in sales. They have stakeholders to please, shareholders to satisfy, and government regulations to deal with. It is nevertheless shocking to learn precisely how food companies lobby officials, co-opt experts, and expand sales by marketing to children, members of minority groups, and people in developing countries. We learn that the food industry plays politics as well as or better than other industries, not least because so much of its activity takes place outside the public view. Editor of the 1988 Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health, Nestle is uniquely qualified to lead us through the maze of food industry interests and influences. She vividly illustrates food politics in action: watered-down government dietary advice, schools pushing soft drinks, diet supplements promoted as if they were First Amendment rights. When it comes to the mass production and consumption of food, strategic decisions are driven by economics--not science, not common sense, and certainly not health. No wonder most of us are thoroughly confused about what to eat to stay healthy. An accessible and balanced account, Food Politics will forever change the way we respond to food industry marketing practices. By explaining how much the food industry influences government nutrition policies and how cleverly it links its interests to those of nutrition experts, this path-breaking book helps us understand more clearly than ever before what we eat and why.

Lethal But Legal

Titre : Lethal But Legal
Auteur : Nicholas Freudenberg
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780199937202
Libération : 2014-01-21

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Decisions made by the food, tobacco, alcohol, pharmaceutical, gun, and automobile industries have a greater impact on today's health than the decisions of scientists and policymakers. As the collective influence of corporations has grown, governments around the world have stepped back from their responsibility to protect public health by privatizing key services, weakening regulations, and cutting funding for consumer and environmental protection. Today's corporations are increasingly free to make decisions that benefit their bottom line at the expense of public health. Lethal but Legal examines how corporations have impacted -- and plagued -- public health over the last century, first in industrialized countries and now in developing regions. It is both a current history of corporations' antagonism towards health and an analysis of the emerging movements that are challenging these industries' dangerous practices. The reforms outlined here aim to strike a healthier balance between large companies' right to make a profit and governments' responsibility to protect their populations. While other books have addressed parts of this story, Lethal but Legal is the first to connect the dots between unhealthy products, business-dominated politics, and the growing burdens of disease and health care costs. By identifying the common causes of all these problems, then situating them in the context of other health challenges that societies have overcome in the past, this book provides readers with the insights they need to take practical and effective action to restore consumers' right to health.

Fructose High Fructose Corn Syrup Sucrose and Health

Titre : Fructose High Fructose Corn Syrup Sucrose and Health
Auteur : James M. Rippe
Éditeur : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-13 : 9781489980779
Libération : 2014-02-21

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The metabolic and health effects of both nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners are controversial, and subjects of intense scientific debate. These potential effects span not only important scientific questions, but are also of great interest to media, the public and potentially even regulatory bodies. Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health serves as a critical resource for practice-oriented physicians, integrative healthcare practitioners, academicians involved in the education of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows, and medical students, interns and residents, allied health professionals and nutrition researchers, registered dietitians and public health professions who are actively involved in providing data-driven recommendations on the role of sucrose, HFCS, glucose, fructose and non-nutritive sweeteners in the health of their students, patients and clients. Comprehensive chapters discuss the effects of both nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners on appetite and food consumption as well as the physiologic and neurologic responses to sweetness. Chapter authors are world class, practice and research oriented nutrition authorities, who provide practical, data-driven resources based upon the totality of the evidence to help the reader understand the basics of fructose, high fructose corn syrup and sucrose biochemistry and examine the consequences of acute and chronic consumption of these sweeteners in the diets of young children through to adolescence and adulthood. Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health fills a much needed gap in the literature and will serve the reader as the most authoritative resource in the field to date.

Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention

Titre : Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention
Auteur : Committee on Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention
Éditeur : National Academies Press
ISBN-13 : 9780309221542
Libération : 2012-04-30

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One-third of adults are now obese, and children's obesity rates have climbed from 5 to 17 percent in the past 30 years. The causes of the nation's obesity epidemic are multi-factorial, having much more to do with the absence of sidewalks and the limited availability of healthy and affordable foods than a lack of personal responsibility. The broad societal changes that are needed to prevent obesity will inevitably affect activity and eating environments and settings for all ages. Many aspects of the obesity problem have been identified and discussed; however, there has not been complete agreement on what needs to be done to accelerate progress. Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention reviews previous studies and their recommendations and presents five key recommendations to accelerate meaningful change on a societal level during the next decade. The report suggests recommendations and strategies that, independently, can accelerate progress, but urges a systems approach of many strategies working in concert to maximize progress in accelerating obesity prevention. The recommendations in Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention include major reforms in access to and opportunities for physical activity; widespread reductions in the availability of unhealthy foods and beverages and increases in access to healthier options at affordable, competitive prices; an overhaul of the messages that surround Americans through marketing and education with respect to physical activity and food consumption; expansion of the obesity prevention support structure provided by health care providers, insurers, and employers; and schools as a major national focal point for obesity prevention. The report calls on all individuals, organizations, agencies, and sectors that do or can influence physical activity and nutrition environments to assess and begin to act on their potential roles as leaders in obesity prevention.